Norfolk Island is an external territory of Australia.

The island is administered under the Norfolk Island Act 1979 via the Norfolk Island Regional Council, in partnership with the Commonwealth, to deliver local-state-federal programs and services to those who live on Norfolk Island.

The Norfolk Island Regional Council is an elected body of five members, who serve for up to four years.  The members elect a Mayor each year of their term.

The Administrator is chosen by the Commonwealth, and this position acts as the nominal head of the Commonwealth on the island.

The Commonwealth is responsible for delivery of most federal and most state-type services, although some services like telecommunications, land planning and motor vehicle registration, remain the responsibility of the regional council.

The Regional Council is responsible for local government type services – “roads, rates and rubbish” if you like – but also for some key services as mentioned above, and others like electricity generation and distribution.